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Islam Muhammad Leading the Other Prophets

Tahlīl al-Qur'ān wa-al-ad'iyah [Qur'an selections, with prayers]. Ottoman Empire, AH 1291 (1874 CE). NYPL, Manuscripts and Archives Division.

Muhammad’s role as a leader of the other prophets is rendered aniconically in this image, where the Prophet is symbolized by a green banner, the Liwa al-hamd [the Banner of Praise], which will appear on the Day of Judgment. The silver discs are inscribed with the names of the Prophet’s companions, the earlier prophets, and other religious figures. Aniconism is the use of simple material objects — such as this green banner — as symbols for a deity.

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