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Christianity dates from the first century CE (Common Era), when the faith was formed after the death of Jesus (ca. 33 CE). Christians believe that this Jewish preacher from Nazareth was the Messiah, the fulfillment of the Biblical prophecies that heralded the arrival of an Anointed One. The New Testament accounts of his miraculous birth, the numerous miracles he performed, and his crucifixion by the Romans and subsequent resurrection further demonstrated to his followers Jesus' divine status as the Son of God.

The sacred text in Christianity is the Christian Bible, both the Old Testament (the Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament. The oldest Christian Bible on view in Three Faiths is the Harkness Gospels (before 917); it is the earliest Western manuscript housed in The New York Public Library. Other interesting Christian texts include Martin Luther's translation of the New Testament into German (1522) and Up-Biblum God (Eliot Indian Bible), in Massachusett, the language of the native peoples who lived near the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1663), not to mention the Library’s famed Gutenberg Bible (1455), the first to come to the United States, in 1847.