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Islam The Qur'an

Qur'an. Probably Turkey, 734 AH (1333 CE).  NYPL, Spencer Collection.

This handsome volume contains the final, or 30th, section of a Qur'an dated to 1333, and was signed by a certain Husayn ibn Hasan, known as Husam al-Faqir al-Mawlavi. His identifying epithet suggests that he was a disciple of Jalal al-Din Rumi, who spent the last years of his life in the Turkish city of Konya. This makes it likely that this manuscript was produced in the same region. Because of its large size, it was probably intended for public use or display rather than private perusal. It contains the system of vocalization still in use today. The left-hand page of the first folio featured in the image gallery contains a marginal note indicating that when this passage was recited, all present were required to prostrate themselves in response to the text's command, "Prostrate yourselves and draw near [to God]."