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Muhammad

For Muslims, Muhammad, born in Mecca in Arabia about the year 570 CE, is the last and greatest of the series of messengers sent by God to humankind. According to the Qur'an, it was Muhammad who, at the command of the angel Gabriel, began to recite to his fellow Meccans the messages transmitted by the angel directly from God. Muhammad and his early followers emigrated from Mecca to Medina in 622 CE, the initial year of the Islamic calendar. For the next decade, until his death, Muhammad continued to communicate the divinely originating revelatory messages that would one day constitute the Qur'an. Muslims trace the lineage of the Prophet Muhammad through Abraham's eldest son, Ishmael. In Islam, the performance of salat, or ritual prayer, five times a day emulates the devotional practices of Muhammad and is one of the key obligations within the faith. The Jewish and Christian theological traditions were both firmly established by the time of Muhammad's revelation. Therefore, neither tradition explicitly acknowledges Muhammad's status as a prophet, though he is recognized by both as the founder of the final Abrahamic monotheistic faith tradition.