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Moses

For Jews, he is Moshe Rabbeinu (Moses, our Teacher), the great lawgiver, who, according to the Biblical text, led his people out of bondage in Egypt and to the Promised Land. It was to Moses on Mount Sinai that God dictated the Torah, the great collection of divine commandments and regulations. In Judaism, the archetypal paradigm of divine revelation is the giving of the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai. Jewish tradition maintains that when Moses received the Torah, he also gained an unwritten body of knowledge, commentary, and explication called the Oral Law. Passed down through the ages and added to by each generation successively, the Oral Law is an ever-growing corpus of ancillary material that supplements, elaborates upon, and attempts to explicate the often terse phrasings found in the text of the Hebrew Bible. For Christians, the New Testament presents Moses as one of the prototypes of Jesus. For Muslims, he is the great Prophet and Messenger Musa, and in the Qur'an he is the most obvious prophetic precursor of Muhammad. Moses is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and in the Qur'an more than any other person. The chronology presented by the Biblical account indicates that Moses lived in the 13th-12th centuries BCE (Before the Common Era).