Books and Articles

Albinia, Alice. Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River. New York: Norton, 2010.


Badalkhan, Sabir. "On the Presence of African Musical Culture in Coastal Balochistan." In
 Journeys and Dwellings: Indian Ocean Themes in South Asia, edited by Helene Basu.
 Bombay: Longman, 2006.


Baptiste, Fitzroy A. "The African Presence in India—I and II." African Quarterly 38, no. 2
 (1998): 76-90, 91-126.


Basu, Helene. "The Siddi and the Cult of Bava Gor in Gujarat." Journal of the Indian
 Anthropological Society
28 (1993): 289-300.


Campbell, Gwyn, ed. The Structure of Slavery in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia. London: Frank
 Cass, 2004.


Catlin-Jairazbhoy, Amy, and Edward A. Alpers, eds. Sidis and Scholars: Essays on African
. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 2004.


Chatterjee, Indrani, and Richard M. Eaton, eds. Slavery and South Asian History. Bloomington:
 Indiana University Press, 2006.


Clarence-Smith, William, ed. Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth
. London: Frank Cass, 1989.


———. Islam and the Abolition of Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.


Collins, Robert O. "The African Slave Trade to Asia and the Indian Ocean Islands." African and
 Asian Studies
5, no. 3-4 (2006): 325-47.


Harris, Joseph E. The African Presence in Asia: Consequences of the East African Slave Trade.
 Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1971.


Hawley, John C., ed. India in Africa, Africa in India: Indian Ocean Cosmopolitanisms.
 Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008.


Jayasuriya, Shihan de Silva. African Identity in Asia: Cultural Effects of Forced Migration.
 Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 2009.


Jayasuriya, Shihan de Silva, and Jean-Pierre Angenot, eds. Uncovering the History of Africans in
. Leiden: Brill, 2008.


Jayasuriya, Shihan de Silva, and Richard Pankhurst, eds. The African Diaspora in the Indian
. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2003.


Kessel, Ineke Van. "Belanda Hitam: The Indo-African Communities of Java." African and Asian
6, no. 3 (2007): 243-79.


———. "Conference Report: Goa Conference on the African Diaspora in Asia." African Affairs
 105, no. 420 (July 2006): 461-64.


Khalifa, Aisha Bilkhair. "African Influences on Culture and Music in Dubai." International
 Social Science Journal
58, no. 188 (June 2006): 227-35.


Lewis, Bernard. Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry. New York: Oxford
 University Press, 1990.


Mirzai, Behnaz A., Ismael Musah Montana, and Paul E. Lovejoy, eds. Slavery, Islam, and
. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2009.


Obeng, Pashington. Shaping Membership, Defining Nation: The Cultural Politics of African
 Indians in South Asia
. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.


Pipes, Daniel. Slave Soldiers and Islam: The Genesis of a Military System. New Haven, CT:
 Yale University Press, 1981.


Popovic, Alexandre. The Revolt of African Slaves in Iraq in the 3rd/9th Century. Princeton, NJ:
 Markus Wiener, 1993.


Rashidi, Runoko, and Ivan Van Sertima, eds. African Presence in Early Asia. Piscataway, NJ:
 Transaction, 1987.


Robbins, Kenneth X., and John McLeod, eds. African Elites in India: Habshi Amarat.
 Ahmedabad, India: Mapin, 2006.


Segal, Ronald. Islam's Black Slaves: The Other Black Diaspora. New York: Farrar, Straus, and
 Giroux, 2001.


Sheriff, Abdul. Dhow Cultures of the Indian Ocean: Cosmopolitanism, Commerce and Islam.
 New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.


Catlin-Jairazbhoy, Amy, and Nazir Ali Jairazbhoy. From Africa to India: Sidi Music in the
 Indian Ocean Diaspora
. 2003.

Collinet, George and Sheila Walker. Slave Routes: A Global Vision. UNESCO Slave Route 
 Project. 2010.

Courtney, Andrew and Emily Perry. African Palestinian: Ali Jiddah. 2005.

Mirzai, Behnaz A. Afro-Iranian Lives. 2007.

Shroff, Beheroze. "We're Indian and African": Voices of the Sidis. 2005.

_____________. Voices of the Sidis: Ancestral Links. 2005.

_____________. Voices of the Sidis: The Tradition of the Fakirs. 2005.